Besides a vigorous medical eugenics program the Nazis had a kangaroo court to circumvent their Constitution:
“People’s Court (Germany)”
“The People’s Court (German: Volksgerichtshof) was a court established in 1934 by German Chancellor Adolf Hitler, who had been dissatisfied with the outcome of the Reichstag Fire Trial (all but one of the accused were acquitted). The “People’s Court” was set up outside the operations of the constitutional frame of law. The court had jurisdiction over a rather broad array of “political offenses,” which included crimes like black marketeering, work slowdowns, defeatism and treason against the Third Reich. These crimes were viewed by the court as Wehrkraftzersetzung (“disintegration of defensive capability”) and were accordingly punished severely. The death penalty was meted out in numerous cases in this court.
The Court handed down an enormous number of death sentences under Judge-President Roland Freisler, including those that followed the July 20 Plot to kill Hitler. Many of those found guilty by the Court died in the Plötzensee prison. The proceedings of the court were often even less than show trials in that some cases, such as that of Sophie Scholl and her brother Hans Scholl and fellow White Rose activists concluded in less than an hour, without evidence being presented or arguments made by either side. The president of the court often acted as prosecutor, denouncing defendants, then pronouncing his verdict and sentence without objection from defense counsel, who usually remained silent throughout. Unsurprisingly, it did not follow the laws and procedures of regular German trials, being easily characterized as a “kangaroo court”. It almost always sided with the prosecution, to the point that being haled before it was tantamount to a death sentence.”
The Soviets had their own courts and the ever present article 58, probably used in a simular manner.
10 million perished under Nazi rule.The Soviets had some 60 million or so during
70 years of existance.
I’m always struck by their simularity even though they are opposite politically.
The Cheka (Soviet)
“The name of the agency was originally The All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution and Sabotage (Russian: Всероссийская чрезвычайная комиссия по борьбе с контрреволюцией и саботажем; Vserossiyskaya Chrezvychaynaya Komissiya po Bor’bye s Kontr-revolyutsiyei i Sabotazhem), but was often shortened to Cheka or VCheka. In 1918 its name was changed, becoming All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution, Profiteering and Corruption.
A member of Cheka was called a chekist. The Chekists were dressed from head to toe in black leather, including long black coats (Khvostov, the Red Army, 1996) creating a fashion followed by Western communists[not in citation given (See discussion.)]; they are pictured in several films in this apparel. Despite changes over time, Soviet secret policemen were often referred to as “Chekists” throughout the Soviet period. In The Gulag Archipelago, Alexander Solzhenitsyn recalls that zeks in the labor camps used “old Chekist” as “a mark of special esteem” for particularly experienced camp administrators. The term is still found in use in Russia today (for example, President Vladimir Putin has been referred to in the Russian media as a “chekist” due to his career in the KGB”