“The Wilson government, which might have supported a Russian liberal reformist government, concluded that the new Soviet government was as threatening to liberal democracy as to aristocracy; that to recognize it would encourage similar movements elsewhere; and generally, in the words of the Secretary of State, that the Bolshevik forces were “menacing the present social order in nearly every European country,”8 and so must be opposed. Wilson could strike a blow against the Bolsheviks while continuing the fight against the Central Powers by assisting anti-Bolshevik forces. On 3 September 1918 an American military contingent landed in Vladivostok; the force would penetrate up to 1,200 rail miles into the interior of the just-created Soviet Union before withdrawing on 1 April 1920. The exercise, perhaps more so than even the U. S. policy on China, showed that the United States was prepared to intervene anywhere in the world, in conjunction with the European powers or unilaterally, in support of its developing vision of the new world order.” To the Soviets, of course, the intervention reinforced the belief in a hostile world, and encirclement by a host of enemies. ”
In the Gulag Archipelago this isolationist idea only led to more repression in the Soviet Union and probably contributed to overall state hyteria. In essence the Soviet Union waged Red Terror …against its own people.
The repercussions from these actions was not known until 1972 or so.
So there is the two sided view of the Cold War-the metaprospective.